What and how to properly feed a decorative rabbit at home
Many people own pets. Some have a cat or a dog, while others have a decorative rabbit. The latter is increasingly found in homes. Beginner rabbit breeders often have a question: what should be the nutrition of rabbits who live at home, because their health directly depends on what they eat.
How to feed a decorative rabbit at home
The ration of decorative rabbits includes coarse, combined and succulent feeds, as well as berries and fruits.
Rabbits are allowed such roughage:
- hay bean, bean-cereal, grass;
- birch, acacia, aspen, cherry, willow, pear, willow, hornbeam, spruce, linden, maple, hazel, lilac, rowan, alder, pine, plum, talnik, ash, buckthorn, apple branches;
- coniferous flour made from spruce branches.
Juicy foods include:
- vegetables: cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes;
- green grass (leaves): dandelion, quinoa, knotweed, wheat grass, clover, burdock;
- garden crops: Savoy and Brussels sprouts, pears, carrots, turnips, turnips, spinach, basil.
Important! Before serving, be sure to remove seeds from vegetables, and stalks from cabbage.
Fruits and berries
They like to eat rabbits and fruits with berries. In food are allowed:
Concentrates and compound feed
The composition of feed for hare includes:
- wheat bran;
- meal of soy or sunflower;
- fish and meat and bone meal;
- vitamin and mineral complex;
In order to prevent dental diseases, the following can be used:
- the branches mentioned above;
- special toys that can be found at any pet store.
What vitamins do decorative rabbits need?
Decorative rabbits also need vitamins. The table of useful vitamins includes:
- vitamins for the development of the musculoskeletal system (A, D, E);
- vitamins that promote the digestion of food (B1, B5, C);
- vitamins that optimize the metabolism and absorption of carbohydrates, proteins and fats (B2, B6, B12);
- vitamins needed during the breeding season (K).
Important! The basis of feeding eared should be fresh hay.
How to feed decorative rabbits
There are several rules that are mandatory to ensure proper nutrition of animals. The rules vary for adults and young animals. First of all, the difference is how many times a day animals need to be fed.
For a little rabbit in the first three weeks, food should be limited to mother's milk. After this period it should be transferred to food by hay and vitamins. Coarse, succulent feed, as well as mixed feed are allowed, but in small quantities. It is very important to provide your baby with access to plenty of water, fresh and clean. The daily number of meals should be 6 times, and the amount of food consumed - from 50 to 100 g, depending on the growth rate and health of the animal.Eight weeks after the birth of two-month-old babies, it can already be safely transferred to adult nutrition.
Adult rabbits eat thrice a day. For them, the feed rate is 170 g for males, and for females this figure varies depending on the presence of pregnancy and lactation. All food can go into food without any additional restrictions, and fruits can also be introduced. This should be done gradually, not immediately giving the whole fruit, but a small piece, gradually increasing the portion every day and observing the reaction of the pet’s body.If the animal began to refuse to eat food and demand a "treat", then the latter should be immediately removed from the diet.
Did you know? The teeth of rabbits grow throughout life, so they definitely need to be given the opportunity to constantly nibble. Otherwise, overgrown teeth can injure the oral mucosa and cause inflammation.
Feeding rabbits in winter
In winter, due to seasonal changes, the diet of rabbits also changes. More vitamins are added to it, primarily due to fruits and vegetables, and the number of meals is reduced by one. The daily consumption of water, which should be warm in winter, is also reduced.
Since it is not possible to give fresh grass and plants to pets in winter, it is necessary to take care of the preparation of feed in advance. First of all, this applies to hay, which is collected in the summer and put away in a closet before the onset of cold weather.
It is recommended to store food in a dry room - otherwise they will begin to rot and parasites and pathogenic organisms may be introduced into them. It is also worth keeping them in a place where rats will not reach.
Tips for feeding and watering rabbits
Beginning breeders come in handy some tips on feeding and drinking eared pets:
- animals must constantly have access to food, as their digestive system works by pushing food previously eaten;
- constant access to fresh and clean water is required, especially when consuming compound feeds;
- if the pet eats constantly, do not increase the serving - this can lead to obesity;
- it is important to adhere to one nutritional scheme, and all changes should be introduced gradually.
What you can not feed decorative rabbits
For decorative breeds, there is a list of products prohibited for inclusion in the diet. It includes:
- meat and dairy products;
- cauliflower and white cabbage;
- bean, nut;
- flour products;
- grass loach, dope, wormwood.
Did you know? Rabbits have excellent hearing, and in order to hear better, they turn their ears towards the outgoing sound.