Varieties of Minusinsk Tomatoes
Tomatoes of the Minusinskoye variety are especially popular among vegetable growers, a characteristic feature of which is their impressive size and excellent taste. This variety has several varieties of tomatoes that have individual shapes, textures, taste and color. What are the "Minusinski" tomatoes and how to grow them in a household, let's figure it out.
At the moment, several varieties of "Minusinski" tomatoes are known, each of which has its own unique characteristics. However, their unifying feature is tasty, fleshy, juicy fruits of a rather large size, which in some cases can reach a weight of 1.5 kg.
Did you know? Champion by weight among «Minusinsk» tomato in 2011 was a tomato, the mass of which was 2 kg 146 g.
“Minusinsk gobies” refers to tall tomatoes, the growth of which can sometimes reach more than 2.5 m. On the hands of a vegetable, 4-6 massive, large fruits ripen, and the weight of tomatoes on the upper hands varies between 400-450 g, on the lower 250-300 g.To achieve a good quality crop, the bush must be tied up and formed into 1-2 stems.
The fruits of the “bulls” fully justify their name. They have a dense, weighty structure, have an oval-cylindrical, in rare cases, a cuboid shape, with a small "nose" at the end. The berries are distinguished by a rich, pink color. Pulp - dense, fleshy, medium juiciness, with a pleasant sugar taste.
- Among the advantages of the variety are:
- high yield;
- simultaneous ripening of all fruits on the bush;
- wonderful taste properties of berries;
- unconventional form of fruit.
The fruits of the “gobies” are great for making salads, tomato paste, ketchups, however, because of their large size, they cannot be used for whole-fruit preservation.
Apple vegetables of the Minusinsky variety are considered the most popular among gardeners. They are classified as mid-season, indeterminate types with unlimited stem growth, which need a bush in 1 stalk and a mandatory garter. Vegetable growth is not more than 1.8 m, and fruit mass is 450–500 g.The fruits are distinguished by a flat, neat rounded shape, weighty, dense structure, bright red color. The pulp of the berry is of dense structure, juicy, with a small number of seeds inside, the skin is thin, but resistant to cracking.
Apple tomato is characterized by a well-balanced, harmonious taste, reminiscent of the sweet taste of apples. Tomatoes are intended for home preservation, preparation of salads and snacks, as a complement to main dishes.
The main advantages of tomatoes are their high fertility and excellent resistance to ailments that affect solanaceous.
Representatives of this variety are annual winners in competitions of the largest tomatoes. The giant is a mid-ripening variety with unlimited stem growth that can grow in height over 2.5 m.Depending on the growing conditions, the bush is able to give weighty fruits about 1.5 kg or, on the contrary, to please with a scattering of small berries in 250–300 g. Since the vegetable can grow to a rather high height, it is necessary not only to prune it regularly, but also pinch the top .
In order to get large fruits, the plant should be formed into 1 stem; to obtain a rich, but less weighty crop, it is recommended to leave 2-3 stems.
The fruits of the Minusinsk Giants are characterized by a round, heart-like shape, a bright red color, a very sweet, sugar taste. They are used in fresh or canned forms.
Advantages of giants - high flavoring properties of berries, good resistance to diseases, fertility.
Compared with other “minusins,” this variety cannot boast of large fruits and their uniform sizes. Gardeners note that often on the same plant you can see fruits of different shapes and weights."Minusinsk balls" refers to mid-season, indeterminate varieties, which, due to unlimited growth of the stem, must be tied up. The stems of the culture are able to achieve growth of 2.5 m, and the fruits - weights up to 1 kg.
Ripe tomatoes are heart-shaped, bright pink-red colors, delicate sweet taste. The pulp is juicy, fleshy, with numerous seeds. Often, "tomato balls" are used to prepare fresh salad products, juice, tomato paste.
Important! The lack of pinching negatively affects not only the yield and size of the "balls", but also their taste. If timely pruning is not done, then the berries will lose their sweetness and sugar content.
- Among the many advantages of "Minusinsk balls" can be noted:
- good yield;
- the possibility of growing in greenhouses and in open fields;
- excellent taste of berries;
- resistance of fruits to cracking and good keeping quality.
The main characteristic of the "haulers" is considered to be their early maturity and short ripening time. The culture is quite powerful, strong, grows to a height of 2.5 m, requires tying up and forming 1 or 2 stems.The fruits of the “hoover” have a round-shaped, ribbed shape, upon reaching maturity they become rich red, weighing up to 700 g. The flesh is dense, juicy, rather delicate, sweet, with a well-defined granularity. The skin is thin, but strong, does not give in to cracking.
Important! To obtain the maximum yield, it is recommended to form «Burlak Minusinsky» in two stems.
The advantages of the variety are the refined taste of vegetables, short ripening times, and resistance to ailments.
Excellent mid-season, tall, indeterminate tomato variety “Pepper minusinsky” is intended for cultivation in greenhouse conditions or on open soils. The bush is able to grow up to 1.8–2 m, it needs to cut off additional shoots and form 2-3 stems.The fruits of pepper-like tomato are easily recognizable by a shape that resembles an elongated cucumber or pepper up to 10 cm long. In the ripening phase, the berries are distinguished by a bright red color, light weight from 80 to 200 g.
The fruits are fleshy, dense structure, elastic, pleasant delicate taste with a small number of seeds. A feature of tomatoes is their excellent shelf life, portability and a sufficiently long storage period.
Pepper-shaped tomatoes are universal in use, perfectly suitable for salads, salting, preservation.
"Podsinevsky hearts minusinskie"
"Podsinevskie hearts" is a mid-early variety that will delight gardeners with an excellent harvest and excellent fruit taste. A tall, indeterminate bush can grow up to 2 m and form fruits weighing 200–600 g. It should be noted that each time the weight of the berries will decrease to 150–250 g.The fruits of “Podsinevskie hearts” are distinguished by their original shape in the form of a heart and small ribbing, as well as a beautiful saturated dark pink color in the ripening stage. The pulp is dense, velvety, watermelon, with a small number of seeds.
The taste of tomato is rich, delicate, sweet, with a pleasant sugar aftertaste. Tomatoes are considered the best option for fresh consumption, good for preservation and salting.
The advantages of the variety are excellent yield, excellent taste and resistance to disease.
Minusinsky Long Pink
"Pink Minusinski tomato" is often confused with pepper-shaped. However, the variety has key differences that make it easy to identify. Tomato refers to indeterminate, mid-season, high-yielding large-fruited species that require regular pinching and bush formation.The fruits of the vegetable are elongated, with a blunt tip, pink in color. They have a dense, elastic structure, with a small number of seeds. The taste is pleasant, without sourness. A long fruit is not subjected to cracking, but it is not able to be stored for a long time without losing its aesthetic and taste.
It is optimally suitable for fresh use, but due to its large size and thin skin, it is not suitable for whole-fruit preservation.
"Minusinsk glasses" will be an excellent option for planting in greenhouses or on open soils in the warm southern regions. The variety is tall, with unlimited growth of the main stem, with an average ripening period of vegetables.Bushes grow up to 2 m and, if necessary, obtain a high yield and large berries need pruning, trimming stepchildren. Each brush is capable of producing 4–5 fruits with a weight of up to 250 g.
The main advantage of “glasses” is the impeccable presentation of the fruit. They are all like a selection of a single size, have an elongated shape similar to a classic glass, uniform red, pink or orange color.
The fruits are fleshy, juicy, resilient, with dense non-cracking skin. Tomatoes have a traditional tomato flavor with a slight acidity. Fruits due to their compact size are great for canning, preparing winter preparations, as well as for the production of juice, tomato paste, sauces.
Among the other advantages of tomatoes, one can note their decent yield, resistance to environmental conditions, brilliant presentation, resistance to ailments.
To indeterminate varieties of tomatoes also include such as:
Almost all vegetables of the "Minusinsky" variety belong to indeterminate, mid-ripening, large-fruited crops that require regular pinching, the formation of a bush in 1-2 stems and subject to the basic rules of agricultural technology can yield an average yield of up to 15 kg per 1 sq. m
In most cases, tomatoes from Minusinsk are grown in a greenhouse, however, in the warm southern regions, tomatoes can be planted in open ground.
In the open ground
Planting tomatoes, whether in open soil or a greenhouse, begins with preparatory work, in particular, with sowing seedlings. Seed material is recommended to be bought in specialized stores to avoid low-quality goods.Before planting, the seeds should be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate to disinfect them from possible pests and strengthen the immune system. Starting in mid-February, seeds need to be sown in separate containers, covered with a film and wait for leaflets to appear.
After the appearance of the first shoots, the film must be removed, the weak leaves removed, the seedlings transplanted into a separate container.
Important! Two weeks before the expected date of planting seedlings in open ground, it is necessary to begin to temper it: gradually lower the ambient temperature and take out the seedlings in the open air.
Seedlings are planted in open ground after 55-60 days of its growth, when full 5-6 leaves are formed on the stem. Also, the landing should be compared with the weather conditions of the area. If the threat of freezing frost does not exist, then the sprouts can be transplanted to a permanent place.
The place for tomatoes should be chosen quite sunny, but without direct UV rays and drafts. The best precursor for tomatoes is potatoes.Before planting, the soil must be well loosened, moistened, and mineral fertilizers should be poured into each hole.
Planting "Minusinskie" tomatoes is carried out according to the scheme: no more than 3 bushes per 1 square. m, while the distance between the rows should be at least 70 cm.
After the seedlings are planted, it must be watered and tied to wooden pegs. Throughout the entire ripening period, planted tomatoes need constant care, which consists in:
- regular watering. Bushes are watered as the soil dries up, usually 2-3 times a week. Water is poured directly into the wells, without touching the foliage. For irrigation use warm, standing water;
- timely top dressing. Fertilizers are applied for the first time, 10 days after planting, then every two weeks;
- loosening and weeding weeds. Loosening, combining with weeding weeds, is carried out several times a month if necessary;
- the formation of bushes and herding. Immediately after transplanting the seedlings, the lower leaves on the plant should be cut and additional shoots longer than 3-4 cm long should be removed, thus forming a bush of 1-2 stems. Next stepsons are removed regularly as they grow.
Fruits on the open ground in tomatoes begin to ripen on the 98-120th day after planting seedlings. Harvested, starting in August and ending in late autumn.
In the greenhouse
When growing "Minusinski" tomatoes in greenhouses, it is also recommended to grow seedlings by a similar method. Planting seedlings is carried out on the 55-65th day after sowing, when they are fully strengthened and gain strength.
The following algorithm follows:
- The soil in the greenhouse must be well loosened, dug up, and deepened.
- A combination of chernozem, river sand and humus, mixed in equal proportions, is perfect as a soil mixture.
- Landing is carried out according to the scheme: 3 bushes per 1 square. m
- Immediately after transplanting seedlings, it is recommended to conduct the first stepsoning by removing the lower leaves.
- When the seedlings grow a little, it is necessary to make the formation of a bush in 1-2 stems, depending on the variety, and pruning additional stepsons.
- Tie up the plant using the trellis method.
Water for irrigation should always be settled and not cold, otherwise the root system of the plant may die.
However, despite good immunity, most tomato varieties are adversely affected by pests.
To prevent the infection of a vegetable and the development of diseases, a number of preventive measures should be systematically carried out:
- prevent excessive watering of the soil;
- regularly carry out loosening of the soil, weeding weeds, mulching;
- systematically decontaminate bushes from parasites;
- feed at the right time.
Did you know? In the city of Minusinsk, which is home to the tomatoes of the same name, the Minusinsk Tomato festival takes place every year, where local gardeners present their crop of vegetables. At the same time, at the festival there is a competition for the largest grown tomato. His winner receives For a present car.
Tomatoes of the "Minusinsky" variety will appeal to those gardeners who prefer to regularly receive a rich harvest of tasty, healthy and large tomatoes. However, stopping your choice on these tomatoes, you need to remember that you can achieve good fertility only by "observing the basic rules of agricultural technology, protecting vegetables from sudden changes in temperature, pests and excessive moisture."